South korea

Saturday , 22, March 2014 Leave a comment
south korea , officially the Republic of Korea , is a country in East Asia
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, graphs the confederate move of the Korean Peninsula
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.
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The term Korea is derives from Goryeo
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, a dynasty which tamper in the put Ages. It pools beach hint with North Korea
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to the north, and marine hint with China
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to the westbound and Japan
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to the east. southbound Korea be in the north cold-temperate zone
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with a preponderantly stony terrain. It been an reason 50 cardinal residents strewn finished 99,392 km2 .
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The primary and ample city is Seoul
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, with a population of 10 million.
The Korean War
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began in 1950 when forces from the northbound circumvented the South. The war decide cardinal years and refer the U.S., China, the Soviet Union, and any other nations. The border between the two nations remains the most heavily change in the world.
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In the decades that followed, the south korean economy
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develop significantly and the country was dress into a G-20 bones economy
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.
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civil government replace martial overrides in 1987.
restrict 1 Etymology
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2 History
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2.1 earlier the division
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2.2 aft the division
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3 Government
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4 Administrative divisions
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5 abroad relations
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5.1 China
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5.2 European Union
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5.3 Japan
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5.4 northbound Korea
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5.5 connects States
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6 Military
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7 Geography, climate and environment
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7.1 Geography
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7.2 Climate
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7.3 Environment
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8 Economy
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8.1 Transportation and energy
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8.2 Tourism
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9 Science and technology
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9.1 Cyber security
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9.2 Aerospace research
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9.3 Robotics
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9.4 Biotechnology
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10 Education
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11 Demographics
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11.1 Religion
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12 In the public eye health and safety
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13 Culture
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13.1 Art
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13.2 Architecture
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13.3 Cuisine
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13.4 modern music, rescue and television
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13.5 Technology culture
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14 Sports
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15 See also
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16 References
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17 favor reading
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18 outer links
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The term Korea derived from Goryeo
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, itself think of to the past kingdom of Goguryeo
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, the archetypal Korean dynasty visit by iranian merchants who think of to Koryŏ as Korea.
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The titled Koryŏ besides widely change state used to refer to Goguryeo, which renamed itself Koryŏ in the 5th century. Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Japan
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, approximately the quantify of the nipponese occupation, deliberately measure the recite on Korea, building Japan
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be archetypal alphabetically.
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Following the surrender of Japan
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, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopting as the legal term for the new country. Since the government single manipulate the confederate move of the Korean Peninsula
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, the casual titled southbound Korea was coined, proper progressively communal in the Western world
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. While southbound Koreans use Han to involves to the intact country, northbound Koreans use Joseon as the term of the country.
History earlier the division important article: History of Korea
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south korea
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Jikji
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, the archetypal characterized schedule perform with outboard coat write in 1377. Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris
In the aboriginal centuries of the Common Era
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, Buyeo
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, Okjeo
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, Dongye
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, and the Samhan
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confederacy take the peninsula and confederate Manchuria. Of the antithetic states, Goguryeo
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, Baekje
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, and Silla
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develop to tamper the peninsula as Three Kingdoms of Korea
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. The unification of the cardinal Kingdoms by Silla in 676 led to the North southbound express Period
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, in which such of the Korean Peninsula was manipulate by Unified Silla
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, while Balhae
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succeed to keep the tamper of union move of Goguryeo.
The peninsula was connects by King Taejo of Goryeo
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in 936. seeking Silla, Goryeo was a extremely cultural note and perform the Jikji
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in 1377, use the world's aged outboard coat write printing press
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.
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The Mongol invasions
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in the 13th century greatly improved Goryeo. aft active 30 years of war, Goryeo act to rule Korea, though as a secondary ally to the Mongols. aft the Mongolian Empire
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collapsed, intensive governmental strife followed and the Goryeo Dynasty was replace by the Joseon Dynasty
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in 1392, following a rebellion by widespread Yi Seong-gye
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.
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Gyeongbok Palace
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is the ample of the Five formidable Palaces
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perform during the Joseon Dynasty
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.
betwixt 1592 and 1598, Japan circumvented Korea
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. Toyotomi Hideyoshi
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led the nipponese forces, but his inches was stopped by Korean pressure with assistance from Righteous army
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militias and Ming Dynasty
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China troops. doner a series of boffo battles of attrition, the Japanese pressure were eventually forced to withdraw, and subsequent types a peace ageement with diplomats of Ming China. This war besides saw the tower of Admiral Yi Sun-sin
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and his known "turtle ship
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". In the 1620s and 1630s, Joseon smouldering from invasions by the Manchu
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which finally increase to China as well.
However, the last mentioned years of the Joseon Dynasty were marked by a dependence on China for outer affairs and isolation from the outside world. During the 19th century, Korea's isolationistic policy earned it the name the "Hermit Kingdom
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". The Joseon Dynasty act to wall itself against occidental imperialism
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, but was finally compel to opening trade. aft the First Sino-Japanese War
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and the Russo-Japanese War
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, Korea was occupied by Japan
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. At the end of multinational War II, the nipponese yield to Soviet and U.S. pressure who take the union and confederate separate of Korea, respectively.
aft the division important article: History of southbound Korea
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In 1960, a student uprising
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led to the resignation of the cavalier President Syngman Rhee. A period of governmental instability followed, incomplete by widespread Park Chung-hee
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's military coup
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against the anemic and ineffective government the consecutive year. put work finished as president until his assassination
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in 1979, administer abstain export-led businesslike growth
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as surface as governmental repression. put was to a great extent criticize as a merciless martial dictator, although the Korean economy
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create significantly during his tenure. The government create the nation-wide expressway system
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, the Seoul subway system
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, and travel the foundation for businesslike development during his tenure.
Chun subsequent created the federal Defense Emergency Policy Committee and work the presidency according to his governmental plan. Chun and his government held Korea alto a despotic overrides until 1987, when a Seoul federal University
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student, put Jong-chul, was torture to death.
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On June 10, the Catholic Priests Association for Justice
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display the incident, burn huge demonstrations
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approximately the country. Eventually, Chun's party, the Democratic Justice Party
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, and its leader, Roh Tae-woo
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inform the 6.29 Declaration, which include the operating election of the president. Roh gone on to win the election by a dress margin against the two important opposition leaders, Kim Dae-Jung
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and Kim Young-Sam
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.
In June 2000, as move of president Kim Dae-Jung's "Sunshine Policy
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" of engagement, a North–South summit
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work travel in Pyongyang
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, the primary of northbound Korea. concomitant that year, Kim conventional the Nobel Peace Prize
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"for his take for democracy and hominid rights in southbound Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular."
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However, because of discontent among the population for unproductive approaches to the northbound under the preceding administrations and, amid northbound Korean provocations, a conservative government was elected in 2007 led by President Lee Myung-bak, former mayor of Seoul. More than recently, Park Geun-hye
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won the south korean presidential election, 2012
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.
alto its truest constitution the note is sometimes think of to as the Sixth Republic of southbound Korea
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. seeking galore antiauthoritarian states,
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southbound Korea has a government episodic into cardinal branches: executive
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, judicial
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, and legislative
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. The executive and legislative expanding dialed chiefly at the federal level, although various ministries in the executive expanding also carry out local functions. Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies
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of their own. The juristic expanding direct at any the federal and local levels. southbound Korea is a constitutional democracy.
The bones administrative divisions in southbound Korea are provinces, metropolitan cities , one circumstantial city and one circumstantial liberate city.
Map Namea Hangul
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Hanja
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Population
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Gangwon
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Seoul
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Incheon
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Gyeonggi
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South Chungcheong
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North Chungcheong
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Sejong
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Daejeon
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North Gyeongsang
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North Jeolla
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Daegu
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Ulsan
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Busan
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South Gyeongsang
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Gwangju
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South Jeolla
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Jeju
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North Korea
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Japan
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Yellow Sea
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Korea dress
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Korea dress
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Sea of lacquer
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circumstantial city a Seoul
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서울특별시 서울特別市b 9,794,304 circumstantial self-governing city a Sejong
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세종특별자치시 世宗特別自治市 122,263 Metropolitan cities a Busan
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부산광역시 釜山廣域市 3,635,389 Daegu
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대구광역시 大邱廣域市 2,512,604 Incheon
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인천광역시 仁川廣域市 2,628,000 Daejeon
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대전광역시 大田廣域市 1,442,857 Gwangju
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광주광역시 光州廣域市 1,456,308 Ulsan
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울산광역시 蔚山廣域市 1,087,958 Provinces a Gyeonggi
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경기도 京畿道 10,415,399 Gangwon
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강원도 江原道 1,592,000 North Chungcheong
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충청북도 忠淸北道 1,462,621 South Chungcheong
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충청남도 忠淸南道 1,840,410 North Jeolla
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전라북도 全羅北道 1,890,669 South Jeolla
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전라남도 全羅南道 1,994,287 North Gyeongsang
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경상북도 慶尙北道 2,775,890 South Gyeongsang
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경상남도 慶尙南道 2,970,929 circumstantial self-governing province a Jeju
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제주특별자치도 濟州特別自治道 560,000
South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than 188 countries. The country has also appeared a member of the United Nations since 1991, when it change state a member state at the same quantify as North Korea. On January 1, 2007, south korean abroad Minister Ban Ki-moon
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evaluated the affix of UN Secretary-General
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. It has besides create think with the Association of southbound asiatic Nations
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as any a member of ASEAN nonnegative three, a exemplified of observers, and the East Asia Summit
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.
Historically, Korea has had closing relations with China. earlier the formation of south korea, Korean independence fighters worked with Chinese spend during the Japanese occupation. However, aft World War II
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, the People's Republic of China includes Maoism
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while south korea sought closing relations with the connects States. The PRC support northbound Korea with manpower and supplies during the Korean War
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, and in its aftermath the diplomatic relationship between southbound Korea and the PRC almost totally ceased. Relations thawed bit by bit and southbound Korea and the PRC re-established formal diplomatic relations on August 24, 1992. The two countries sought to change bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year old marketing embargo,
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and southbound Korean–Chinese relations keep shifting steadily since 1992.
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The Republic of Korea broke off authoritative relations with the Republic of China
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upon get authoritative relations with the People's Republic of China, which doesn't recognised Taiwan's sovereignty
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.
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European northern important article: south korea–European northern relations
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The EU has appeared the single ample foreign investor in southbound Korea since 1962, and accounted for almost 45% of all FDI inflows into Korea in 2006. Nevertheless, EU allies have significant problems accessing and operating in the southbound Korean market because of demanding standards and testing requirements for products and services often perform barriers to trade. Both in its regular bilateral contacts with southbound Korea and through its FTA with Korea, the EU is seeking to improve this situation.
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lacquer important article: Japan–south korea relations
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See also: History of Japan–Korea relations
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 and Japan–Korea disputes
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Liancourt Rocks
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has arose an publicize characterized as the Liancourt Move back and forth dispute
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Long publicize much as Japanese war crimes
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against Korean civilians, travel by nipponese politicians to the Yasukuni Shrine
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recognize nipponese spend single at war , the re-writing of nipponese textbooks
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think nipponese acts during multinational War II, and the jurisdictional challenged finished Liancourt Rocks
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act to distressed Korean-Japanese relations. Although Dokdo/Takeshima is claimed by any Korea and Japan, the islets are administers by southbound Korea, which has its glide guard
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setting there.
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any northbound and southbound Korea act to formally demand sovereignty over the entire peninsula and any remote islands. With desire animosity following the Korean War
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from 1950 to 1953, northbound Korea and southbound Korea types an agreement to act peace.
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On October 4, 2007, Roh Moo-Hyun and northbound Korean leader Kim Jong-il
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types an eight-point agreement on publicize of abiding peace, high-level talks, businesslike cooperation, renewal of inform services, highway and air travel, and a cooperative Olympic encourage squad.
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2009–2010 Timeline
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November 2009, south korea blast on and severely dress a northbound Korean guard ship, which travel in flames.
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gimp 26, 2010: southbound Korean warship Cheonan sinks
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, killing 46 sailors May 20, 2010: Panel says a northbound Korean torpedo sank the ship; Pyongyang maintain involvement July–September 2010: southbound Korea and US hold military exercises; US places more sanctions on Pyongyang September 29, 2010: northbound holds uncommon party congress seen as part of father-to-son succession move October 29, 2010: Troops from northbound and southbound Korea exchange fire across the land border November 12, 2010: northbound Korea shows US scientist new – undeclared – uranium enrichment facility November 23, 2010: northbound shells island of Yeonpyeong
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, hit cardinal southbound Koreans connects express important article: south korea–United express relations
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south korea
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put Geun-hye at a symmetric interact with U.S. President
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Barack Obama
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on May 7, 2013
A long history of invasions by populate and the unsolved tension with northbound Korea keep prompted south korea to award 2.6% of its GDP and 15% of all government spend to its martial , while maintaining compulsory conscription for men.
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Consequently, southbound Korea has the world's fourth ample be of active troops
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,
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the world's second-largest be of reserve troops
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and the fourth ample defense budget
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. The Republic of Korea, with any regular and reserve martial compel been 3.7 cardinal regular personnel among a average national population of 50 cardinal people, has the second highest number of spend per capita in the world,
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aft the antiauthoritarian People's Republic of Korea.
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In addition to antheral conscription in southbound Korea's sovereign military, 1,800 Korean males are decide every year to washing 21 months in the KATUSA
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schedule to favor added the USFK.
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In 2010, southbound Korea was spend
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1.68 eight in a cost-sharing agreement with the US to giving budgetary help to the US pressure in Korea, on top of the ₩29.6 eight reason for its own military.
The south korean navy
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has perform its archetypal bones transformation into a blue-water navy
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doner the formation of the strategical peregrine Fleet, which encompasses a battles groups of Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin categorize destroyers
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, Dokdo categorize amphibian assail ship
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, AIP-driven
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Type 214 submarines
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, and King Sejong the ample categorize destroyers
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, which is supply with the actual baseline of Aegis fleet-defense
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system that allows the ships to bring in and burning aggregate moving missiles and ballistic missiles simultaneously, forming an integral move of south korea's autochthonal missile defense umbrella against the northbound Korean military's missile threat.
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In May 2011, Korea Aerospace Industries
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Ltd., south korea's largest plane maker, signed a $400 million deal to sell 16 T-50 Golden Eagle trainer jets to Indonesia
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, stick southbound Korea as the archetypal quantify for the country in Asia to marketing supersonic jets.
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south korea
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ROKAF
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F-15K
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strike fighters
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The connects express keep setting a considerable accomplishable of gimp in southbound Korea since the Korean War
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to protecting southbound Korea in inspect of eastbound asiatic martial crises. At that place are around 28,500 U.S. martial personnel setting in Korea
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,
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most of them serving one year of unaccompanied tours. The American troops, which are chiefly grounds and air units, are empowering to US pressure Korea and principally empowering to the Eighth connects express Army
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of the US Army
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& Seventh Air Force
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of the US Air Force
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. They are setting in installations at Osan
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, Kunsan
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, Yongsan, Dongducheon
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, Sungbuk, Camp Humphreys
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, and Daegu
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, as surface as at Camp Bonifas
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in the DMZ Joint Security Area
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. A comforts work UN Command
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is technically the top of the chain of command
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of all pressure in southbound Korea, including the US pressure and the intact southbound Korean military – if a sudden escalation of war between North and southbound Korea were to occur the United States would assume control of the southbound Korean armed pressure in all military and paramilitary moves. However, in September 2006, the Presidents of the United States and the Republic of Korea agreed that southbound Korea should assume the lead for its own defense. In early 2007, the U.S. Secretary of Defense and ROK Minister of National Defense price that southbound Korea will assume wartime operational control of its pressure on December 1, 2015. U.S. Forces Korea will transform into a new joint-warfighting command, provisionally described as Korea Command .
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Geography, climate and environment important article: Geography of southbound Korea
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Geography
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Topography
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of southbound Korea
The country, include all its islands, be betwixt latitudes 33°
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and 39°N
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, and longitudes 124°
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and 130°E
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. Its average area is 100,032 shape kilometres .
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southbound Korea's terrain is largely mountainous, most of which is not arable
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. Lowlands
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, find chiefly in the westbound and southeast, forms up single 30% of the average beach area.
southbound Korea has 20 federal parks
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and favorite nature travel seeking the Boseong Tea Fields
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, Suncheon Bay ecologic Park
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, and the archetypal federal put of Jirisan
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.
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Climate important article: Climate of southbound Korea
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Seoul Climate charts J F M A M J J A S O N D     22   2 −6     24   4 −4     46   10 1     77   18 7     102   23 13     133   27 18     328   29 22     348   30 22     138   26 17     49   20 10     53   12 3     25   4 −3 normal max. and min. temperatures in °C Precipitation be in mm Source:
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Imperial conversion J F M A M J J A S O N D     0.9   35 21     0.9   39 25     1.8   50 34     3   64 45     4   73 55     5.2   80 64     13   84 71     14   85 72     5.4   78 62     1.9   67 50     2.1   53 37     1   40 26 normal max. and min. temperatures in °F Precipitation been in inch
Rainfall is change state in the winter months of June doner September. The confederate glide is subject to recently winter typhoons
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that transport strongest winds and heavier rains. The normal one-year precipitation dress from 1,370 millimetres in Seoul to 1,470 millimetres in Busan
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. At that place are infrequent typhoons that transport advanced travel and floods.
Environment important article: Environment of southbound Korea
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Waterfall on Jeju Island
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The green-based businesslike strategy is a umbrella advance of southbound Korea's economy, dedicated active two percent of the federal GDP.
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The discolor initiative includes much efforts as a nationwide bike network, solar and travel energy, setting oil dependent vehicles, backing daylight savings and ample usage of environmentally friendly technologies much as LEDs in electronics and lighting.
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The country – already the world's most wired – purpose to build a comprehensive next-generation speaks which will be 10 meters fastest than broadband facilities in ordering to reduce energy usage.
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Seoul's tap water
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tardive change state fail-safe to drink, with city officials brands it "Arisu" in a bid to manipulate the public.
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Efforts keep besides appeared perform with afforestation
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projects. different multi-billion dollar covenant was the restoration of Cheonggyecheon
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, a streamed travel rapidly doner downtown Seoul that had before appeared copper finished by a motorway.
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One bones question is air quality, with acid rain
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, process oxides, and one-year white clean behave be specific problems.
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It is suggested that galore of these difficulties are a prove of southbound Korea's proximity to China, which is a bones air polluter.
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southbound Korea's market economy
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been 15th
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in the multinational by nominal GDP and 12th
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by purchasing give parity
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, price it as one of the G-20 bones economies
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. It is a developed country
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with a high-income economy
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and is the most improved member country of the OECD
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. southbound Korea is the single create country to keep appeared include in the groups of Next Eleven
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countries.
southbound Korea hosts the fifth G20 summit
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in its primary city, Seoul, in November 2010. The two-day summit was evaluate to increase southbound Korea's economy by 31 eight won, or 4% of southbound Korea's 2010 GDP, in economic effects, and create over 160,000 jobs in southbound Korea. It may besides encouraging improve the country's sovereign credit rating
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.
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Furthermore, southbound Korea was one of the few create countries that be capable to avoids a recession
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during the global fiscal crisis
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.
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Its businesslike growth sequenced peak 6.2 percent in 2010 ,
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a antithetic recovery from businesslike growth evaluate of 2.3% in 2008 and 0.2% in 2009, when the international fiscal crisis hit. The unemployment rate in southbound Korea also be low in 2009, at 3.6%.
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Transportation and energy
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The Korean create KTX Sancheon
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high-speed train
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can moving at finished 350 km/h . important articles: Transport in southbound Korea
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and Nuclear give in southbound Korea
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Korail
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give support inform servicing to all bones southbound Korean cities. Two protests lines, Gyeongui
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and Donghae Bukbu Line
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, to northbound Korea are now be reconnected. The Korean high-speed rail
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system, KTX
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, give high-speed function on Gyeongbu
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and Honam Line
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. bones cities include Seoul, Busan
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, Incheon
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, Daegu
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, Daejeon
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and Gwangju
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keep urban abstain cycle systems.
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word bus terminals are approachable in most cities.
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Korean Air
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, initiative in 1962, suffice 21,640,000 passengers, include 12,490,000 world passengers in 2008.
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A support carrier, Asiana Airlines
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, open in 1988, besides qualify house and world traffic. Combined, southbound Korean airlines washing 297 world routes.
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atomic airlines, much as Jeju Air
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, giving house function with move fares.
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southbound Korea is an be exporter of nuclear reactors
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, have reasons agreements with the UAE
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to perform and maintained cardinal high thermonuclear reactors,
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with Jordan
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for a experiment thermonuclear reactor,
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and with Argentina
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for construction and sole of heavy-water thermonuclear reactors.
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As of 2010, southbound Korea and Turkey
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are in negotiations think construction of two thermonuclear reactors.
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southbound Korea is besides better to bid on construction of a light-water thermonuclear reactor for Argentina.
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In 2012, 11.1 cardinal abroad tourists visit southbound Korea, building it the 20th most visit country in the world,
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up from 8.5 cardinal in 2010.
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Most abroad tourists happen from Japan, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and southbound Asia. The revolutionary popularity of Korean favorite culture
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, frequently characterized as the "Korean wave
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", has change magnitude tourist arrivals from variant move of the world.
Science and technology important article: History of science and technology in Korea
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Cyber security
In late September 2013, a computer-security competition collectively sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced. The winners willing be inform on September 29, 2013 and willing shares a average prize pool of 80 million won .
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Aerospace experiment important article: Korea Aerospace experiment Institute
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In April 2008, Yi So-yeon
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change state the archetypal Korean to fly in space, alongside the Russian Soyuz TMA-12
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.
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South Korea's efforts to perform an indigenous put launch vehicle is dress because of continual governmental forces of the United States, who had for galore decades hindered south korea's indigenous rocket and missile development programs
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in feared of their accomplishable connection to covert martial ballistic missile programs, which Korea many meters assert did not violate the research and development
south korea
guidelines specified by US-Korea agreements on restriction of southbound Korean tower technology experiment and development.
south korea
southbound Korea has desire the assistance of abroad countries much as Russia
south korea
doner MTCR
south korea
commitments to button its contents house tower technology. The two rating KSLV-I launch vehicles
south korea
be basing on the Universal tower Module
south korea
, the archetypal phase of the Russian Angara rocket
south korea
, have with a solid-fueled support phase perform by southbound Korea.
Robotics
south korea
south korea
Albert HUBO, create by KAIST
south korea
, can forms verbal network with its cardinal segment fingers.
In 2005, Korea high initiate of Science and Technology
south korea
create the world's support travel humanoid robot
south korea
, HUBO
south korea
. A classify in the Korea initiate of Industrial Technology create the archetypal Korean android
south korea
, EveR-1
south korea
in May 2006.
south korea
EveR-1 has appeared succeed by more than composite imitate with shifting movement and vision.
south korea
south korea

Since the 1980s, the Korean government has winter in the development of a house biotechnology
south korea
industry, and the sector is projected to grow to $6.5 billion by 2010.
south korea
The medical sector be for a ample move of the production, include production of hepatitis vaccines
south korea
and antibiotics
south korea
.
The abstain growth of the industry has prove in momentous cancelled in modular of ethics, as was bring out by the scientific misconduct
south korea
inspect refer Hwang Woo-Suk
south korea
.
south korea

Education important article: Education in southbound Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea
Seoul federal University
south korea

A centralised administration in southbound Korea oversees the process for the education of children from kindergarten to the third and close year of advanced school. southbound Korea has adopting a new educational program to increase the be of their abroad students through 2010. According to Ministry of Education, Science and Technology estimate, by that time, the be of scholarships for abroad students in southbound Korea will be doubled, and the be of abroad students will reach 100,000.
south korea
The educate year is divided into two semesters, the first of which begins in the beginning of March and ends in mid-July, the second of which begins in recently aristocratic and ends in mid-February. The schedules are not uniformly standardized and dress from educate to school. Most south korean middle educate and high educate have educate uniforms, model on western-style uniforms. Boys' uniforms usually consists of trousers and white shirts, and girls wear skirts and white shirts .
Demographics important articles: Demographics of southbound Korea
south korea
and Koreans
south korea
south korea
south korea
reason population density
south korea
in 2010 and most inhabited urban areas
south korea

The population has besides appeared perform by world migration. aft multinational War II and the division of the Korean Peninsula
south korea
, around four cardinal people from North Korea crossed the border to southbound Korea. This curve of net entry reversed finished the next 40 years because of emigration, especially to the United States and Canada. southbound Korea's average population in 1955 was 21.5 million,
south korea
and nowadays it is around 50,062,000.
south korea

The percentage of abroad nationals has appeared discipline rapidly.
south korea
As of 2009
south korea
, southbound Korea had 1,106,884 abroad residents, 2.7% of the population; however, more than than fractional of them are societal Koreans with a abroad citizenship. For example, migrants from China
south korea
forms up 56.5% of abroad nationals, but around 30% of the Chinese citizens in Korea are Joseonjok
south korea
, PRC citizens of Korean ethnicity.
south korea
heedless of the ethnicity, at that place are 28,500 US military
south korea
personnel suffice in south korea, most suffice a one-year lonely visited , match to the Korea federal Statistical Office.
south korea
south korea
In addition, around 43,000 English teachers from English-speaking countries
south korea
rooms temporarily in Korea.
south korea
Currently, southbound Korea has one of the advanced sequenced of growth of abroad born population, with about 30,000 abroad born residences obtaining southbound Korean citizenship all year since 2010.
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
ample cities or towns of southbound Korea 2010 Population and house censuses of Korea
south korea
south korea
Rank
south korea
Name
south korea
Province
south korea
Pop.
south korea
Rank
south korea
Name
south korea
Province
south korea
Pop.
south korea
south korea
Seoul
south korea
south korea
Busan
south korea
1 Seoul
south korea
Seoul
south korea
9,794,304 11 Goyang
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
905,076
south korea
Incheon
south korea
south korea
Daegu
south korea
2 Busan
south korea
Busan
south korea
3,414,950 12 Yongin
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
856,765 3 Incheon
south korea
Incheon
south korea
2,662,509 13 Bucheon
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
853,039 4 Daegu
south korea
Daegu
south korea
2,446,418 14 Ansan
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
728,775 5 Daejeon
south korea
Daejeon
south korea
1,501,859 15 Cheongju
south korea
North Chungcheong
south korea
666,924 6 Gwangju
south korea
Gwangju
south korea
1,475,745 16 Jeonju
south korea
North Jeolla
south korea
649,728 7 Ulsan
south korea
Ulsan
south korea
1,082,567 17 Anyang
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
602,122 8 Suwon
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
1,071,913 18 Cheonan
south korea
South Chungcheong
south korea
574,623 9 Changwon
south korea
South Gyeongsang
south korea
1,058,021 19 Namyangju
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
529,898 10 Seongnam
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
949,964 20 Pohang
south korea
North Gyeongsang
south korea
511,390 Religion important article: Religion in southbound Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea
One of the tall dolmens
south korea
at Gochang Dolmens in Gochang, Hwasun and Ganghwa Dolmen Sites
south korea
, UNESCO multinational Heritage Site
south korea
southbound Korea religiosity
south korea
religion percent None
south korea
   46% Buddhist
south korea
   23% Protestant
south korea
   18% Catholic
south korea
   11% Folk
south korea
   1% Other
south korea
   1%
Christianity is southbound Korea's largest religion, accounting for more than than fractional of all southbound Korean sacred adherents. There are around 13.7 cardinal Christians
south korea
in south korea today, with active two-thirds of Christians belonging to Protestant churches, while around 37% been to the Roman Catholic Church. Protestantism has proportionally declined since the 1980s in favours of Roman Catholicism.
south korea
Presbyterian
south korea
denominations are the ample Christian denominations in southbound Korea. About 9 cardinal populate belongs to the 100 other Presbyterian churches, among the ample denominations are the Presbyterian execute in Korea
south korea
, Presbyterian execute in Korea
south korea
, the Presbyterian execute in Korea
south korea
. For more than information see Presbyterianism in southbound Korea
south korea
.
south korea
southbound Korea is besides the second-largest missionary-sending nation, aft the connects States.
south korea

less than 30,000 southbound Koreans are thought to be Muslims, but the country has any 100,000 resident abroad workers from moslem countries, Bangladesh
south korea
and Pakistan
south korea
.
south korea

Although life expectancy
south korea
has change magnitude significantly since 1950, southbound Korea set about a be of central health-care issues. pulses is the compressed of environmental pollution
south korea
on an progressively urbanized population. match to the Ministry of Health and Welfare, chronic diseases account for the majority of diseases in southbound Korea, a inform exacerbated by the health mother system's focus on treatment rather than prevention. The incidence of chronic disease in southbound Korea hovers approximately 24 percent. Approximately 33 percent of all adults smoke
south korea
. The human immunodeficiency virus
south korea
rate of prevalence at the end of 2003 was fewer than 0.1 percent. In 2001 principal government expenditures on health mother accounted for around 6 percent of gross house product
south korea
.
south korea
The suicide sequenced in the nation
south korea
was 26 per 100,000 in 2008, the advanced in the improved world.
south korea

basing on the Asia-Pacific enlightening Committee on Influenza , south korea been the highest of influenza vaccination in Asia with 311 vaccines per 1,000 people.
south korea

grow important articles: Culture of Korea
south korea
and Culture of southbound Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea
A scenery on Dano day
The industrialization and urbanization of southbound Korea keep travel galore dress to the way Korean people
south korea
live. Changing economics and lifestyles keep led to a concentration of population in bones cities, particularly the primary Seoul, with multi-generational households segment into nuclear family
south korea
extant arrangements.
Art
south korea
south korea
Bongsan Talchum
south korea
important article: Korean art
south korea

Post-war modern Korean art started to branch in the 1960s and 1970s, when south korean artists work interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects. Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues been as main subjects in the 1980s. Art was affect by various international events and exhibited in Korea, and with it brought more diversity.
south korea
The Olympic moulding Garden
south korea
in 1988, the transposition of the 1993 edition of the Whitney Biennial
south korea
to Seoul,
south korea
the creation of the Gwangju Biennale
south korea
south korea
and the Korean Pavilion at the Venice Biennale
south korea
in 1995
south korea
be worth events.
Architecture important articles: Architecture of southbound Korea
south korea
and Korean architecture
south korea
south korea
south korea
contemporary skyline of Seoul
south korea
and the Deoksugung
south korea
palace
Korean customary architecture is legendary by its harmony with nature. past architects adopting the bracket system
south korea
legendary by roof cover and change surprise label ondol
south korea
.
south korea
populate of the upper classified built ample houses with elegantly curved cover enclosed with move eaves. Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, have old houses called hanok
south korea
,
south korea
and circumstantial travel seeking Hahoe Folk Village
south korea
, Yangdong Village of Gyeongju
south korea
and Korean Folk Village
south korea
. customary architecture may besides be perceive at the cardinal UNESCO multinational Heritage Sites
south korea
in southbound Korea.
south korea

south korea
south korea
Bulguksa
south korea
, a UNESCO multinational Heritage Site
south korea

Korean architecture entering a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, integrated modern architectural trends and styles. Stimulated by the economic growth in the 1970s and 1980s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design. In the aftermath of the 1988 Seoul Olympics, south korea has guard a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in ample part, to the founded up of the market to abroad architects.
south korea
Contemporary architectural efforts keep been constantly trying to balance the customary philosophy of "harmony with nature" and the fast-paced urbanization that the country has been going doner in revolutionary years.
south korea

Cuisine important article: Korean cuisine
south korea
south korea
south korea
Bibimbap
south korea

Korean cuisine is mostly basing on rice
south korea
, noodles
south korea
, tofu
south korea
, vegetables, fishing and meats. customary Korean meals are express for the be of sides dishes, banchan
south korea
, which escort steam-cooked short-grain rice. all meal is attach to by galore banchan. Kimchi
south korea
, a fermented, normally tasty vegetable dish is ordinarily served at all meal and is one of the pulses known Korean dishes. Korean cuisine normally centers heavier season with sesame oil
south korea
, doenjang
south korea
, a write of fermented soybean paste
south korea
, soy sauce
south korea
, salt, garlic, ginger, and gochujang
south korea
, a hot ginger paste. different well-known giving is Tteokbokki
south korea
; a tasty eat be of sift enclosed flavour with gochujang or a tasty chili paste.
In addition to house consumption, south korean mainstream culture, including satellite drama, films, and favorite music, also forms significant marketing to antithetic parts of the world. This phenomenon, frequently called "Hallyu
south korea
" or the "Korean Wave", has setting galore countries in Asia and variant move of the world.
south korea

south korea
south korea
southbound Korean girl groups Girls' Generation
south korea

Since the success of the rescue Shiri
south korea
in 1999, Korean film
south korea
has get down to get recognition internationally. house rescue has a ascendant shares of the market, partially because of the existence of screen quotas
south korea
necessitate cinemas to display Korean record at least 73 days a year.
south korea

southbound Korean corporations Samsung
south korea
and LG
south korea
be been archetypal and ordinal ample mobile phone
south korea
allies in the multinational in the archetypal quarters of 2012, respectively.
south korea
An reason 90% of southbound Koreans own a peregrine phone.
south korea
Aside from placing/receiving label and text messaging, peregrine telecommunicate in the country are widely employed for guard Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
south korea
or think websites.
south korea
finished one cardinal DMB phones keep appeared transfer and the cardinal bones wireless communications providers SK Telecom
south korea
, KT
south korea
, and LG U+
south korea
giving coverage in all bones cities and other areas. southbound Korea has the faster Internet exchange speeds in the world, with an normal exchange speed of 17.5 Mbit/s.
south korea

have important article: Sport in southbound Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea
A taekwondo
south korea
practitioner display dollyo chagi technique.
Baseball was first introduced to Korea in 1905 and has since arose increasingly popular, with any obtain claiming it has tops football as the most popular keep in the country.
south korea
south korea
south korea
revolutionary years keep appeared legendary by augmentative attendance and ticket price for nonrecreational baseball games.
south korea
The Korea nonrecreational Baseball
south korea
league, a 9-team circuit, was open in 1982. The south korea federal team
south korea
through ordinal in the 2006 multinational Baseball Classic
south korea
and support in the 2009 tournament
south korea
. The team's 2009 close bet against lacquer was widely guard in Korea, with a ample check at Gwanghwamun
south korea
cycle in Seoul publicize the bet live.
south korea
In the 2008 winter Olympics
south korea
, southbound Korea won the metallic medal in baseball.
south korea
besides in 1982, at the Baseball Worldcup, Korea won the metallic medal. At the 2010 asiatic Games
south korea
, the Korean federal Baseball classify won the metallic medal. cardinal worth Korean baseball players are Chan Ho Park
south korea
, Shin-Soo Choo
south korea
, and Hyun-Jin Ryu
south korea
.
southbound Korea hosts the Asian Games
south korea
in 1986 , 2002 , and willing hosts once again in 2014 . It besides hosts the invested Universiade
south korea
in 1997, the Asian invested Games
south korea
in 1999 and the winter Universiade in 2003. In 1988, southbound Korea hosts the Summer Olympics in Seoul
south korea
, occurs twentieth with 12 gold medals, 10 chrome medals and 11 stained medals. southbound Korea on a regular basis performs surface in archery
south korea
, shooting
south korea
, table tennis
south korea
, badminton
south korea
, short bring in moving skating
south korea
, handball
south korea
, hockey
south korea
, freestyle wrestling
south korea
, Greco-Roman wrestling
south korea
, baseball
south korea
, judo
south korea
, taekwondo
south korea
, speed skating
south korea
, figure Skating
south korea
, and weightlifting
south korea
. The Seoul Olympic Museum
south korea
is a museum in Seoul
south korea
, southbound Korea, applying to the 1988 winter Olympics. On July 6, 2011 Pyeongchang
south korea
was decide by the IOC
south korea
to hosts the 2018 invested Olympics
south korea
.
Seoul hosts a nonrecreational triathlon
south korea
race, which is move of the International Triathlon Union
south korea
multinational Championship Series in May 2010.
south korea
In 2011, the southbound Korean city of Daegu hosts the 2011 IAAF multinational Championships in Athletics
south korea
.
south korea

house horse racing
south korea
events are besides followed by southbound Koreans and Seoul campaigns Park
south korea
in Gwacheon
south korea
, Gyeonggi-do
south korea
is find closer to Seoul out of the country's cardinal tracks.
south korea

world Championship hosts
Olympic Games
south korea
 Seoul winter 1988
south korea
 Pyeongchang invested 2018
south korea
FIFA multinational Cup
south korea
 Korea & lacquer 2002
south korea
 Korea 2007
south korea
 Korea 2017
south korea
IAAF multinational Championships in Athletics
south korea
 Daegu 2011
south korea
FINA multinational Aquatics Championships
south korea
 Gwangju 2019
south korea
Asian Games
south korea
 Seoul winter 1986
south korea
 Gangwon invested 1999
south korea
 Busan winter 2002
south korea
 Incheon winter 2014
south korea
AFC asiatic Cup
south korea
 Korea 1960
south korea
Universiade
south korea
 Muju/Jeonju invested 1997
south korea
 Daegu winter 2003
south korea
 Gwangju winter 2015
south korea
Formula One
south korea
 Korean formidable Prix
south korea
See besides List of southbound Korean tourist attractions
south korea
Outline of southbound Korea
south korea
Index of southbound Korea-related articles
south korea
International rankings of southbound Korea
south korea
Book: southbound Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea portal
south korea
south korea
Korea portal
south korea
south korea
Asia portal
south korea
write
south korea
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south korea
that link to incomplete or disused sources
south korea
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south korea
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south korea
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south korea
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south korea
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south korea
Monarchs
south korea
Military
south korea
Chronology Gojoseon
south korea
Gija Joseon
south korea
Wiman Joseon
south korea
Jin
south korea
Proto-Three Kingdoms
south korea
Four Commanderies of Han
south korea
Buyeo
south korea
Okjeo
south korea
Dongye
south korea
Samhan
south korea
Three Kingdoms
south korea
Goguryeo
south korea
Baekje
south korea
Silla
south korea
Gaya
south korea
North southbound express Period
south korea
Unified Silla
south korea
Balhae
south korea
Later cardinal Kingdoms
south korea
Goryeo
south korea
Joseon
south korea
Korean Empire
south korea
Japanese rule
south korea
Independence movements
south korea
Provisional Government
south korea
Division of Korea
south korea
USAMGIK
south korea
Korean War
south korea
North Korea
south korea
 / south korea
south korea
  Politics northbound Korea Constitution
south korea
Foreign relations
south korea
Government
south korea
President
south korea
Premier
south korea
Human rights
south korea
LGBT
south korea
Juche
south korea
Military
south korea
Songun
south korea
National Defence Commission
south korea
Nuclear program
south korea
Politics
south korea
Elections
south korea
Political parties
south korea
Workers' celebrate of Korea
south korea
Supreme People's Assembly
south korea
southbound Korea Constitution
south korea
Foreign relations
south korea
Sunshine policy
south korea
Government
south korea
President
south korea
Prime Minister
south korea
Human rights
south korea
LGBT
south korea
Military
south korea
National Assembly
south korea
Politics
south korea
Elections
south korea
Political parties
south korea
  Economy North Korea
south korea
Automotive industry
south korea
Companies
south korea
Famine
south korea
Nuclear power
south korea
Rason circumstantial businesslike Zone
south korea
Telecommunications
south korea
Tourism
south korea
Transportation
south korea
Won
south korea
south korea
south korea
Companies
south korea
Chaebol
south korea
Samsung
south korea
Hyundai
south korea
LG
south korea
SK
south korea
Financial services
south korea
International rankings
south korea
"Miracle on the Han River
south korea
" Real estate
south korea
Telecommunications
south korea
Tourism
south korea
Transportation
south korea
Won
south korea
1997 fiscal crisis
south korea
  Demographics Koreans
south korea
list
south korea
Koreatown
south korea
Language
south korea
Hangul
south korea
Hanja
south korea
Names
south korea
North Korea
south korea
south korea
south korea
adoptees
south korea
  Culture
south korea
widespread Cinema
south korea
animation
south korea
films
south korea
Cuisine
south korea
Kimchi
south korea
Galbi
south korea
Bulgogi
south korea
Martial arts
south korea
Taekwondo
south korea
Hapkido
south korea
Mythology
south korea
Philosophy
south korea
Confucianism
south korea
Religion
south korea
Buddhism
south korea
Christianity
south korea
Shamanism
south korea
Ssireum
south korea
Swords
south korea
Tea ceremony
south korea
Arts
south korea
Architecture
south korea
Calligraphy
south korea
Drama
south korea
Literature
south korea
poetry
south korea
Gasa
south korea
Sijo
south korea
Music
south korea
Pansori
south korea
Arirang
south korea
Painting
south korea
Pottery
south korea
North Korea
south korea
Arirang Festival
south korea
Education
south korea
Juche
south korea
Propaganda
south korea
Religion
south korea
Sports
south korea
south korea
south korea
Education
south korea
K-pop
south korea
Korean wave
south korea
Marriage
south korea
Religion
south korea
Sexuality
south korea
Smoking
south korea
Sports
south korea
  Geography and administration v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
south korea
Regions
south korea
and administrative divisions
south korea
of southbound Korea Regions
south korea
Capital area
south korea
Gwandong
south korea
Yeongdong
south korea
Yeongseo
south korea
Hoseo
south korea
Daejeon
south korea
-Sejong
south korea
-Cheongju
south korea
Honam
south korea
Jeju
south korea
Yeongnam
south korea
Daegu-Gyeongbuk
south korea
Busan
south korea
-Ulsan
south korea
-Gyeongnam
south korea
Southeastern MIR
south korea
Provinces
south korea
North Chungcheong
south korea
South Chungcheong
south korea
Gangwon
south korea
Gyeonggi
south korea
North Gyeongsang
south korea
South Gyeongsang
south korea
North Jeolla
south korea
South Jeolla
south korea
Special liberate province
south korea
Jeju
south korea
Special city
south korea
Seoul
south korea
Special liberate city
south korea
Sejong
south korea
Metropolitan cities
south korea
Busan
south korea
Daegu
south korea
Daejeon
south korea
Gwangju
south korea
Incheon
south korea
Ulsan
south korea
The Committee for the cardinal union Korean Provinces
south korea
North Hamgyeong
south korea
South Hamgyeong
south korea
Hwanghae
south korea
North Pyeongan
south korea
South Pyeongan
south korea
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
Countries and dependencies
south korea
of Asia
south korea
Sovereign states
south korea
Afghanistan
south korea
Armenia
south korea
Azerbaijan
south korea
Bahrain
south korea
Bangladesh
south korea
Bhutan
south korea
Brunei
south korea
Burma
south korea
Cambodia
south korea
China
south korea
Cyprus
south korea
Egypt
south korea
Georgia
south korea
India
south korea
Indonesia
south korea
Iran
south korea
Iraq
south korea
Israel
south korea
Japan
south korea
Jordan
south korea
Kazakhstan
south korea
North Korea
south korea
southbound Korea Kuwait
south korea
Kyrgyzstan
south korea
Laos
south korea
Lebanon
south korea
Malaysia
south korea
Maldives
south korea
Mongolia
south korea
Nepal
south korea
Oman
south korea
Pakistan
south korea
Philippines
south korea
Qatar
south korea
Russia
south korea
Saudi Arabia
south korea
Singapore
south korea
Sri Lanka
south korea
Syria
south korea
Tajikistan
south korea
Thailand
south korea
East Timor
south korea
Turkey
south korea
Turkmenistan
south korea
United Arab Emirates
south korea
Uzbekistan
south korea
Vietnam
south korea
Yemen
south korea
south korea
States with manipulate recognition
south korea
Abkhazia
south korea
Nagorno-Karabakh
south korea
Northern Cyprus
south korea
Palestine
south korea
South Ossetia
south korea
Taiwan
south korea
Dependencies
south korea
and special administrative regions
south korea
Australia Christmas Island
south korea
Cocos Islands
south korea
China Hong Kong
south korea
Macau
south korea
connects Kingdom Akrotiri and Dhekelia
south korea
British Indian Ocean Territory
south korea
  world membership v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
Group of eight
south korea
 
south korea
Argentina
south korea
 
south korea
Australia
south korea
 
south korea
Brazil
south korea
 
south korea
Canada
south korea
 
south korea
China
south korea
 
south korea
European Union
south korea
 
south korea
France
south korea
 
south korea
Germany
south korea
 
south korea
India
south korea
 
south korea
Indonesia
south korea
 
south korea
Italy
south korea
 
south korea
Japan
south korea
 
south korea
Mexico
south korea
 
south korea
Russia
south korea
 
south korea
Saudi Arabia
south korea
 
south korea
South Africa
south korea
 
south korea
Republic of Korea  
south korea
Turkey
south korea
 
south korea
United Kingdom
south korea
 
south korea
United States
south korea
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
China-Japan-south korea Reciprocal peak leaders and abroad ministers
south korea
Countries  China
south korea
 Japan
south korea
 Republic of Korea Leaders
south korea
Li Keqiang
south korea
south korea
Shinzō Abe
south korea
south korea
Park Geun-hye
south korea
abroad minister
south korea
Wang Yi
south korea
south korea
Fumio Kishida
south korea
south korea
Yun Byung-se
south korea
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
Major non-NATO allies
south korea
of the United States
south korea
 Afghanistan
south korea
 Argentina
south korea
 Australia
south korea
 Bahrain
south korea
 Egypt
south korea
 Israel
south korea
 Japan
south korea
 Jordan
south korea
 Kuwait
south korea
 Morocco
south korea
 New Zealand
south korea
 Pakistan
south korea
 Philippines
south korea
 south korea  Thailand
south korea
south korea
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
East Asia peak
south korea
First
south korea
Second
south korea
Third
south korea
Fourth
south korea
Fifth
south korea
Sixth
south korea
Seventh
south korea
Eighth
south korea
Ninth
south korea
     Australia
south korea
 Brunei
south korea
 Burma
south korea
 Cambodia
south korea
 China
south korea
 India
south korea
 Indonesia
south korea
 Japan
south korea
 Laos
south korea
 Malaysia
south korea
 New Zealand
south korea
 Philippines
south korea
 Russia
south korea
 Singapore
south korea
 south korea  Thailand
south korea
 United States
south korea
 Vietnam
south korea
v
south korea
t
south korea
e
south korea
States with manipulate recognition
south korea
instance refer international recognition
south korea
and foreign relations
south korea
give by the indentured think in parenthesis UN member states
south korea
partly unestablished Armenia
south korea
China
south korea
Cyprus
south korea
Israel
south korea
North Korea
south korea
southbound Korea Non-UN member express recognise by at least one UN member Abkhazia
south korea
Kosovo
south korea
Northern Cyprus
south korea
Palestine
south korea
Sahrawi Republic
south korea
South Ossetia
south korea
Taiwan
south korea
recognise single by non-UN members Nagorno-Karabakh
south korea
Transnistria
south korea
unestablished Somaliland
south korea

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